Results 1 to 7 of 7

Thread: Preposiciones

  1. #1
    Moderadora 🇨🇺
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Posts
    3,726
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Preposiciones

    What is a preposition? - A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence.

    Por and Para are two prepositions that get a lot of attention because its correct usage is problematic for some. However, how about other prepositions in Spanish. Prepositions are not transferable from one language to another. Some grammar rules do apply and the best way to learn correct usage is by reading and practice. Also, some verbs are followed by a preposition. For example 'pensar en' (to think about), 'olvidarse de' (to forget to/ to forget about), 'soñar con' (to dream about).

    Here is a list of common prepositions in Spanish:

    a- at, to
    ante- before
    bajo- under
    con- with
    contra- against
    de- from, of
    desde- from, since
    durante- during
    en- in, on
    entre- between, among
    hacia- towards
    hasta- until, as far as
    por- for, by
    para- for, in order to
    salvo- except
    sin- without
    sobre- on, upon, above, about, over

    -------------------

    Fill in the missing preposition in each phrase: a, con, de, en, entre, para, por, sin

    1) Medellín es una de las ciudades más bellas ---- Colombia.
    2) Me preocupo mucho ---- ti.
    3) Vengo ---- decirte algo muy importante.
    4) ---- decir verdad no sé la diferencia ---- los dos.
    5) Contigo o ---- ti lo haré.
    6) Tienes que entregar tus tareas ---- tiempo.
    7) ---- repente empezó a llover.
    8) Fumar es perjudicial ---- la salud.
    9) Ayer vi algo muy interesante ---- la televisión.
    10) ---- estas calles bravas es un libro escrito ---- Piri Tomas.
    11)Vamos ----- la playa. Hace mucho calor.
    12) Se me quedaron las llaves ---- casa.
    13) Siempre está hablando ---- teléfono.
    14) Me equivoqué ---- él. Me trata muy mal.
    15) No quiero pensar ---- eso. Voy a dejar ---- pensarlo.
    16) ---- la RD y ---- Cuba hay playas ---- arena blanca.
    17) ---- nivel mundial hay mucha pobreza.
    18) Después ----- lo que pasó me vengué ----- ella.
    19) El festival tendrá lugar ---- el Parque Central.
    20) Me olvidé ----- traer mis libros.
    21) Se levantó muy temprano ----- ir ---- trabajar.
    22) De acuerdo ---- la policía la balacera occurió ---- la madrugada.
    23) La semana que viene estaré ---- vacaciones.
    24) Tienes que prestar atención ---- clase.
    25) Mira la televisión y estudia ---- la vez.

    * Again I tried to create simple phrases.
    * I will review these later on today.
    Last edited by Marianopolita; 06-30-2005 at 06:45 AM.

  2. #2
    Bronze
    Join Date
    Apr 2004
    Posts
    995
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    1) Medellín es una de las ciudades más bellas en Colombia.
    2) Me preocupo mucho de ti.
    3) Vengo a decirte algo muy importante.
    4) a decir verdad no sé la diferencia entre los dos.
    5) Contigo o sin ti lo haré.
    6) Tienes que entregar tus tareas a tiempo.
    7) de repente empezó a llover.
    8) Fumar es perjudicial para la salud.
    9) Ayer vi algo muy interesante en la televisión.
    10) Por estas calles bravas es un libro escrito por Piri Tomas.
    11)Vamos a la playa. Hace mucho calor.
    12) Se me quedaron las llaves en casa.
    13) Siempre está hablando por teléfono.
    14) Me equivoqué de él. Me trata muy mal.
    15) No quiero pensar en eso. Voy a dejar de pensarlo.
    16) En la RD y en Cuba hay playas con arena blanca.
    17) A nivel mundial hay mucha pobreza.
    18) Después de lo que pasó me vengué de ella.
    19) El festival tendrá lugar en el Parque Central.
    20) Me olvidé de traer mis libros.
    21) Se levantó muy temprano para ir a trabajar.
    22) De acuerdo con la policía la balacera occurió en la madrugada.
    23) La semana que viene estaré de vacaciones.
    24) Tienes que prestar atención en clase.
    25) Mira la televisión y estudia a la vez.

    Had to guess some of these. BTW Lesley, I really appreciate your exercises.

  3. #3
    Moderadora 🇨🇺
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Posts
    3,726
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Great work as usual!

    Corrections:

    1) Medellín es una de las ciudades más bellas en Colombia.

    Correction: Medellín es una de las ciudades más bellas DE Colombia.
    Reason: In 'superlative' constructions in Spanish 'de' is used as opposed to 'en' in English. Key word: 'más'.

    2) Me preocupo mucho de ti.

    Correction: Me preocupo mucho POR ti.
    Reason: the intended meaning of this phrase is 'to worry about someone' as in 'inquietarse'.

    'Preocuparse de' has a slightly different meaning which is 'ocuparse' which means to ensure that.... 'Me preocupo de que tenga todo'.... 'I make sure that he has everything'.

    14) Me equivoqué de él. Me trata muy mal.

    Correction: Me equivoqué CON él. Me trata muy mal.
    Reason: The intended meaning of this phrase is 'I was wrong about him'. However, I understand why you used 'de' which would be correct if it were a phrase like 'Me equivoqué de número' (I dialed the wrong number). My suggestion is look at the word after the preposition which usually eliminates certain choices.

    16) En la RD y en Cuba hay playas con arena blanca.

    Correction: En la RD y en Cuba hay playas DE arena blanca.
    Reason: This is idiomatic usage when describing 'a type of xxx'. It may help to put a phrase afterwards such as 'las playas de arena blanca de Cuba son xxx' . Also changing the phrase around sometimes helps to choose the correct preposition.


    -------------

    Your quote: BTW Lesley, I really appreciate your exercises.

    No problem! As long as they are helpful it gives me great pleasure.

    -------------

    LDG.

  4. #4
    The Way Life Should Be...
    Join Date
    Jun 2002
    Posts
    1,677
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default mil gracias

    Leslie, thank you. I learned something useful and I will be sharing this post with my students.

  5. #5
    Moderadora 🇨🇺
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Posts
    3,726
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    Mainegirl,

    I am glad that you found the practice exercise helpful. Out of curiosity may I ask what in particular you found enlightening or what was/were the useful point/s that you learned?


    LDG.


    Quote Originally Posted by MaineGirl
    Leslie, thank you. I learned something useful and I will be sharing this post with my students.

  6. #6
    The Way Life Should Be...
    Join Date
    Jun 2002
    Posts
    1,677
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Lesley D
    What is a preposition? - A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence.
    Prepositions are not transferable from one language to another. Some grammar rules do apply and the best way to learn correct usage is by reading and practice.
    Just reading this made me feel like all the reading and writing I have my students do is worthwhile. Thanks.

    I am very unhappy with my textbook series (Paso a Paso). I wish to teach grammar, reading and writing, and a certain amount of oral fluency. ANy text suggestions? I have mostly 14-17 year olds. The state learning requirements are something of a joke.

  7. #7
    Moderadora 🇨🇺
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Posts
    3,726
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    MaineGirl,

    Well, I am glad you like my summary/ definition of prepositions because it's true they are not transferable instead 'son muy traicioneras'. Chances are if you try to translate literally from Eng/Span or Span/Eng it will be wrong. As well, some verbs take a preposition in English and not in Spanish. For example 'buscar' which means 'to look for'. The 'for' is not required in Spanish. I say this all the time 'no tienes que decir estoy buscando por xxxx' but it's because in English one says 'I am looking for xxx".

    The textbook you referenced 'Paso a Paso' I am not familiar with although I have good references. However, two that I think are very good for Intermediate students are: Con mucho gusto and Conexiones. Conexiones is available on-line.

    LDG.



    Quote Originally Posted by MaineGirl
    Just reading this made me feel like all the reading and writing I have my students do is worthwhile. Thanks.

    I am very unhappy with my textbook series (Paso a Paso). I wish to teach grammar, reading and writing, and a certain amount of oral fluency. ANy text suggestions? I have mostly 14-17 year olds. The state learning requirements are something of a joke.

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •