Plenty of U.S. snacks are made right here in the DR. Frito Lay has a plant just down the road from my business.
A very small percentage at that,
The bulk is for exports.
For example Baldom (Baltimore Dominicana S.A.) produces their main products with over 60% of national raw materials. The rest are divided into an smaller qty of raw products of external origin and indirect materials in a larger share.
The use of nationally sourced products allows the company to control costs more effectively.
They first served the local market and later expanded overseas with great success.
Same happened to Gatorade, which supplied the local market from their hubs in US locations, when Distribuidora Corripio introduced their goods to the local market in early 2000’s.
The brand had good traction in the local market and expanded once Pepsi co. decided to carry it in the market direct.
Soon after they opened a hub here in the DR to supply not only the local market but the region as well. They also introduced local raw materials into their production chain and haven’t looked back since.
This effect repeats in many other industries as well. From personal experience back in the 80’s Amfesco Industries (parent company) imported everything come raw material and indirect goods for their two plants in Santiago Free Trade Zone, Domjet industries and Domfesco industries.
After the first two years they were able to switch some of that to local national suppliers. Which kept their costs under control during some of the worst economic conditions in the region.
Later, a deal was struck with Bojos Tannery in the DR and hedging of the upper sole materials could be introduced effectively.
Other local tanneries later joined for some products, keeping the fabrics 100% of US origin to comply with rules, along soles which were added to the final product in the Puerto Rico plants.
Bojos sourced a part of their raw leathers from US producers, so it complied with rules of origin for the upper soles.
Take a sector like US franchises in the DR.
We all know that companies like McDonalds are not into the food biz, but real state.
McDonalds is a purely real state driven company. It just so happens to do so in the food niche of said business.
In the DR, the RE part was not conforming as it was in other external markets (like China) due to low rents and high real state property values (in our case) and lack of long term ownership (like China).
They also adapted to source from the national market and found their pívot interests there.