The ruling on the Sun Land case, the dismissal of members of the Chamber of Accounts and the pardons issued by President Leonel Fernandez have made a negative stain on institutionalism in the DR, says Servio Tulio Castanos Guzman, spokesman for the Foundation for Institutionalism and Justice (FINJUS). Castanos Guzman is quoted in El Caribe as saying the public has stood by with astonishment at a series of events which reflect the existence of a culture that threatens the quality of democracy and the climate of good governance. He added that in recent weeks the public has seen that strength of those institutions that defend democracy has weakened, and shows signs of getting weaker. He added that in recent weeks the public has seen that the strength of those institutions that are supposed to defend democracy has weakened, with signs of getting weaker. Castanos stated that 2008 was highlighted by a culture of smoke and mirrors that gave the false impression of constitutionality and transparency.